Friday, May 23, 2014

Broken mirror - superstition?

Broken mirror - superstition?

Mirror is a glass materiel which reflects object when it kept in-front of it. Mirrors are used widely in scientific applications but it is integral part in every house for personal grooming. Only humans,Elephants,Money spices can detect their own image in mirror. That may be one of the reason, Hindus have Elephant god and Money gods.


Cultural Beliefs:
In Hindu culture it is believed that mirror has a power to seize a part of ones soul. When gods or devils takes another person form or identity, when they contact with mirror it shows original identity or keeps original soul out. This became seed to superstition that mirror shouldn't be broken, broken mirror shouldn't keep in house, mirror which is not showing clear image should be replace and we shouldn't see our face in broken mirror. The person who broke the mirror should face seven years bad luck is popular superstition in western countries. 

Hindus believed that mirror is goddess Lakshmi. both indicates unstable.  Goddess Lakshmi(money) will not live in one place likewise mirror cannot hold single face.

Interesting facts:

  • When mirror broken particularly on Friday it believed as a bad omen and brings 7years bad luck.
  • Broken mirror pieces should be wrapped in a black cloth and buried under a tree to over come bad luck.
  • India imported glass from Belgium on ships in sea route. 
  • Dreaming a broken mirror brings life partners death. dreaming a mirror is state of illusion or pride. 
  • Our ancients believed our image in mirror is our actual soul.

Scientific Reasons:

  • Mirrors are made with sand. mirror was made of certain chemical reactions and filtration of Sand. So many centuries back the process is very critical and involved a great work in making a mirror. So mirror is very precious those days, thus superstitions came to handle mirror with great care. The tiny pieces of mirror or splinters went through foot it cause heavy pain and  sometimes leads to septic wounds. That is main reason to throw out broken mirror from home.
  • Broken mirror brings bad luck is a superstition.The person who cant handle a mirror clearly states that he is not concentrated or restless or in a wrong direction of thinking. A person with clatter of thoughts will not handle precious things and moves in wrong path thus brings bad luck.

Saturday, April 26, 2014

RamaSetu - An Engineering Marvel

Rama Setu which is also called Adam's bridge is built by Vanara Samuha(Monkeys' group) on the order of Lord Sri Rama. Nala is the architect who is descendent of Vishwakarma designed this bridge. This is built with limestone shoals which are chained to each other. It is located between Pamban Island also called Rameswaram Island, the south-eastern coast of TamilNadu, India and Mannar Island, the northwestern coast of SriLanka. It is proven geologically that this bridge the former land connection between SriLanka and India.

The bridge measure 18 miles almost 30 kms long. This bridge is the separation between Palk Strait(northeast) and the Gulf of Mannar(southwest). The sea here is very shallow with a depth of 3 ft to 30 ft(1m to 10 m) where the navigation hindered and some sandbanks are dry.In 15th century, people use to pass by foot until unless it is deepened by the storms and the records in the temple say that Ramasetu is completely above the sea level till it was broken by a cyclone in 1480 CE.

The floating stones are from Rameswaram which are used to construct RamaSetu to cross the sea in order to reach SriLanka. It was clearly stated in ancient text 'Valmiki Ramayana-Yudhakanda 6.22.50 -72. Wood from variety of trees are used as foundation of the bridge on the top the trees large stones were arranged in sequential order.


Interesting Points:

  • In 2005 Indian UPA Govt. launched Sethusamudram Shipping Channel Project which aimed to clear the bed of Ramasetu by scooping out mud. But Supreme Court in 2007 involved to stop this process to protect Ramasetu and Hindu religious beliefs.
  • A British cartographer in 1804 prepared a map on this bridge which called this bridge Adam's bridge. This is probably named referring Islamic Island which Adam used to reach Adam's peak in SriLanka, where he stood on a single foot for hundreds of years leaving a footprint mark of the same. The peak and the island are named after this legend, Adam.
  • In Skanda Purana an interesting point was described that there is a installation of three Shiv-lings at the beginning, middle and end of the RamSetu.
  • Many politicians commented on Lord Rama history and Ramasetu origin.
  • Ramasetu was built by Vanaras in 5days as per valmiki ramayana. Lord Rama called this bridge as Nala-Setu on the name of engineer but people called it as Ramasetu, SetuBandhanam while generations passed.
  • According Atomic Energy commission scientist's there exist large quantity of that radioactive element available below Ramsetu. Which produces 4 Lac Mega watts of electricity every hour for the next 150 years.
Scientific Reasons:
  • There is a scientific proof behind these floating stones not to float.These floating stones do have air cavities inside i.e., the air is trapped when formation itself and so the density is very less in water. To be simpler, these stones weigh lesser when compared to other rocks of same size. If the density of a thing is lesser to water then it will float, it is the nature. These stones float 10% above the water, it means the weight of this rocks are 10-20% less than the normal rocks of the same size. Currently, this bridge is covered with an iron mesh. This gives an example of air cavity theory.
  • Limestone's will float in salt water(impure) and they sink in normal water(pure).